Response Plans That Are Designed to

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We all know how important it is to have an incident response plan in case of a cyber security breach. But how do you go about setting up and maintaining an effective plan? And, more importantly, what is the standard response time that you can expect when something unforeseen occurs?

Having an incident response plan is not just important for the security of your business, it is also essential for compliance and is often mandated by regulatory bodies.

In this article, we will take a deep dive into:

What Is an Incident Response Plan

What to Include in an Incident Response Plan

Identifying an Incident

Standard Response Time

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What is an Incident Response Plan?

An incident response plan (IRP) is a documented set of strategies and actions for responding to security breaches, malicious attacks, and other unexpected incidents. This plan is designed to provide a structure for reducing and mitigating the impact of incidents and minimizing any subsequent damages. It may also outline arrangements for emergency response and other corporate actions or procedures.

An IRP outlines the processes, procedures, and teams that should be engaged in the event of an emergency. It should also include predetermined measures, such as emergency contact information, incident escalation guidelines, roles and responsibilities of the incident response team, and the procedures to follow in the event of a security incident. The plan is designed to ensure that organizations are prepared and can respond in a timely and effective manner while minimizing any potential risks.

An incident response plan should be comprehensive and include the necessary steps and processes for responding to any incident. This includes information on who will be contacted in the event of an incident, the appropriate response protocols and processes, and the procedures for recovering data and systems after an incident. Furthermore, the plan should cover all personnel involved in the incident response and include training and guidance on how to identify, investigate and address incidents quickly and efficiently.

For organizations of any size, an incident response plan is necessary to ensure business continuity and minimize any potential impact of a security incident. The plan should align with industry regulations and standards and be regularly reviewed, updated, and tested. Implementing an effective incident response plan is key to reducing the risk of data breaches and other security threats

What to Include in an Incident Response Plan

An Incident Response Plan (IRP) is a document that outlines the steps, procedures, and processes to be followed in the event of a security incident, breach, or attack. It is an essential part of an organization’s cyber security plan, and should include the following components:

1. Incident Response Team: The Incident Response Team is the group of individuals who will be responsible for managing the incident and responding to any security breach. The team should be comprised of those with the necessary technical knowledge and expertise to properly handle the incident and minimize any potential damage. A key element of the IRP is to ensure the team is trained and knowledgeable in the vital areas of incident response.

2. Incident Response Plan: The Incident Response Plan should include the procedures and processes to be followed in the event of a security incident. It should detail who is responsible for what, when, and how. It is important to establish a clear chain of command, as well as any necessary delegation and communication protocols.

3. Communication Protocols: Communication is essential during a security incident, and the IRP should include guidelines on how communication should be handled. It should detail how to contact and communicate with other team members and other stakeholders, as well as how to disseminate information in a timely and secure manner.

4. Containment and Remediation Strategies: The plan should include a list of containment and remediation strategies that can be implemented in the event of a security incident. These strategies should be tailored to the individual organization. They should detail the actions that should be taken in order to limit the scope of the incident and maintain operational continuity.

5. Post-Incident Review: The plan should also include a post-incident review in order to identify any areas for improvement and prevent similar incidents in the future. The review should include an analysis of the incident and its impact, as well as any recommendations.

By having an Incident Response Plan in place, organizations can ensure they are prepared to respond quickly and effectively to any security incident or attack. This helps to minimize the impact of the incident and protect the organization’s critical data and systems.

Identifying an Incident

When developing an incident response plan, it is important to first identify and understand what constitutes an incident. An incident is any event or circumstance that could have a negative impact on the organization and its security. This can include hardware or software failures, malicious attacks, or any other event that could cause a disruption to the normal operational processes or the confidentiality, integrity, or availability of the organization’s data. The incident response plan should provide clear definitions for what should be considered an incident and should include detailed steps for how the incident should be reported and to whom. The incident response team should be responsible for identifying an incident and determining an appropriate response according to the incident response plan.


is an important part of incident response plans and should be considered when writing a plan. Upon the realization of a potential incident, the first steps taken by an Incident Response team should be to contain the incident and stop it from spreading. This includes limiting access to the system(s) or network that may have been compromised, disconnecting the source of the incident, or disabling the systems or services associated with the incident. Additionally, the team should work to identify the root cause of the incident and to ensure that the same issue isn’t repeated in the future. Containment is essential to ensure that the incident is handled in a prompt and efficient manner.


When an incident is identified, the incident response team must go into action. The team will strive to reduce the potential for harm and eliminate malicious activity. The incident response plan should include a timeline for reacting to the incident and determining the best actions for eradicating it. An effective plan should include a response within a reasonable time frame, such as 48 to 72 hours. The team should also be held accountable for completely eliminating malicious activity. Finally, the team should provide regular updates on the progress to eradicate the incident.


The goal of incident response plans is for organizations to return to normal operations as quickly as possible. Recovery begins after the incident has been contained and addressed. This incident response phase mostly depends on the incident response plan as it provides a framework for how to proceed. Organizations should involve their incident response team, or a trusted third-party, to provide guidance on the best way to approach the recovery process. Additionally, the incident response plan should include steps for identifying any changes that need to be made to the organization’s systems and other measures to help prevent a similar incident from occurring.

Standard Response Time

Effective incident response plans are essential for any organization, and the plan should provide a detailed outline of the steps to be taken, the order in which they are taken, and the timeframe for response and recovery, based on the organization’s size and risk level.

The standard response time is a critical component of the incident response plan, as it is the time elapsed between the initial detection of the incident and the beginning of the response process. This time allows the incident response team to collect and assess initial data, plan a response strategy, and assemble a team to carry out the action plan.

A clear definition of the standard response time should be included in the incident response plan, taking into account the organization’s objectives, risk profile, and resources. It should be regularly reviewed and tested to reflect current resources and requirements and to ensure the response plan is up-to-date and appropriate.

The standard response time should be low enough to ensure an effective response, considering the variety of types of incidents that can occur. If the response time is slow or takes too long, the incident may have already caused significant damage or been allowed to continue. Therefore, understanding the importance of incident response plans, and particularly of standard response times, is crucial for the safety and security of an organization’s data and systems.

Industry Standards

When an incident occurs, the incident response team should be mobilized as quickly as possible to begin the process of containment and remediation. While there is no universal “standard reaction time” for incident response, most industries recommend a proactive and timely response to any incident. Good incident response plans should include a timeline that sets out the necessary steps and response time for each step. This would consist of a “planned response time” for notifying the incident response team, assessing the severity of the incident, and beginning remediation tasks. Additionally, the plan should specify how to assemble the incident response team, who is contacted for external assistance, and how to coordinate the response overall. Organizations can manage incidents swiftly and minimize the impact on their operations by having an incident response plan in place.

Organizational Response Time

The standard response time in an IRP should be developed based on the organization’s risk profile and the nature of the incidents that it may face. The response time should be low enough to ensure a timely and effective response, but realistic enough to take into account the complexity and scope of the incident.

To ensure that the IRP is effective, it should be regularly reviewed, updated, and tested. Regular testing helps to identify gaps in the plan, such as outdated procedures, missing resources, or incomplete contact information. By identifying and addressing these gaps, the organization can improve its incident response capabilities and ensure a faster, more effective response to future incidents.


When it comes to understanding the necessity of incident response plans, it is important to remember that an effective plan is only as useful as the team that is responsible for implementing it. An effective incident response team must be well-informed, highly trained, and well-organized. The team should also be familiar with the plan’s requirements, including the standard response time for responding to incidents. A team that is knowledgeable and skilled can ensure that the incident response plan is effective and timely.

Incident response plans are essential for businesses as they provide a structure for responding to potential threats. In order to ensure that incident response plans are effective, businesses need to have a team of knowledgeable individuals. This team should be familiar with the standard reaction time and be willing and able to respond to threats in a timely manner. Properly resourced and trained incident response plans are essential for mitigating risks, reducing damages, and restoring normal operations.

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